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Birds of prey feed on other birds or mammals. Examples are eagles, falcons, and owls. Birds of prey are found throughout North America. All of these birds are protected.

Red-Tailed Hawk

Red-Tailed Hawk

A large hawk with a red tail, white chest, white mottling on back, and usually a belly band. Wide color variation in species.

Habitat and Habits: Found in a variety of open habitats. Makes a high-pitched descending scream. Nests on a platform of sticks in trees or on a rock ledge; 1–5 eggs, bluish-white with dark marks.

  • PROTECTED Non-Game
Great Horned Owl

Great Horned Owl

Large, grayish with brown specks; yellow eyes and ear tufts.

Habitat and Habits: Found almost everywhere. Makes a rhythmic hooting call. Lives in nests abandoned by other birds and small mammals; 1–4 white eggs.

  • PROTECTED Non-Game
Cooper's Hawk

Cooper’s Hawk

Small, “crow-sized” hawk with short, rounded wings and long, narrow tail.

Habitat and Habits: Found in broken forests and open woodlands. Makes a series of nasal, barking notes. Nests high in trees; 3–8 eggs, pale blue-green with dark marks.

  • PROTECTED Non-Game
Turkey Vulture
Black Vulture

Turkey & Black Vulture

Large, all-dark bird with long tail and small, bare, reddish head. The black vulture is smaller but similar to the turkey vulture. It has a black, bald head.

Habitat and Habits: Found mainly in deciduous forests, open country, and dumps. Usually silent. Nests on bare ground, in tree hollows, on cliff ledges, or in old buildings; 1–3 dull white eggs with dark marks.

  • PROTECTED Non-Game