Matching Choke to Your Quarry
Here are some examples for matching the choke to the quarry. Someone hunting small, fast, close birds would generally use an Improved Cylinder or Modified choke, which creates a broad shot pattern that spreads quickly at close ranges. Conversely, someone hunting a larger, less mobile bird that is usually farther away, such as a turkey, would select a Full choke, which concentrates the shot in a smaller area. Pellet size also varies based on the size of the game.
The chart below suggests choke selections for a variety of game. It is intended only as a guide—choice of choke may vary depending on ammunition, target distance, and hunting conditions. Always pattern your shotgun for the quarry you are hunting and the ammunition you are using.
|Quarry||Commonly Used Choke
(based on typical distance from quarry)
|Goose||Improved Cylinder or Modified|
|Duck||Improved Cylinder or Modified|
|Turkey||Full or Extra Full|
|Pheasant||Improved Cylinder, Modified, or Full|
|Grouse||Improved Cylinder or Modified|
|Woodcock, rail, or snipe||Improved Cylinder or Modified|
|Dove||Improved Cylinder or Modified|
|Quail||Improved Cylinder or Modified|
|Rabbit||Improved Cylinder or Modified|
|Squirrel||Modified or Full|