Follow the instructions in your cleaning kit.
- Use a cloth and cleaning solvent to remove dirt, gunpowder residue, skin oils, and moisture from the action and all other metal parts of the firearm.
- If possible, clean the barrel from the breech end, using a bore guide and a cleaning rod holding a bore brush or patch wetted with solvent. Pass the brush/patch all the way through the barrel. Repeat several times with fresh patches. You may need a larger brush for the chamber.
- Use a hand brush to clean the crevices where powder residue accumulates.
- Follow with a dry patch, and finish with a lightly oiled patch for the barrel. Use cloth for other parts.
- Apply a coating of gun oil to protect the firearm from rust.
Use a flexible “pull-through” cleaning cable when cleaning firearms with lever or semi-automatic actions to prevent dirt, grime, or debris from being pushed into the action area.
Clean your ammunition by wiping it with a cleaning cloth. If the ammunition is not clean, particles of sand or dirt can scratch the bore.
Use cleaning solvents in a well-ventilated area and only as directed.
If cleaning from the muzzle end, use a muzzle protector so that you don’t damage the rifling near the muzzle.