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Primitive hunting arms include the bow and arrow, and the crossbow.

Bowhunting Equipment

Hunter education course review and summary

The bow is a short-range hunting tool.


Hunter education course review and summary

Proper bow selection and fit are essential to your accuracy and performance when bowhunting. The most common types of bows are the longbow (stick bow), the recurve bow, and the compound bow.


Hunter education course review and summary

The safe and easy way to string a recurve bow or longbow is to use a bowstringer. To replace compound bow strings, you must use a bow press or have double tears at the end of each cable.


Hunter education course review and summary

Arrows have four parts.

  • Shaft – The long spine of the arrow
  • Fletching – The plastic vanes or feathers on an arrow
  • Arrowhead – The point of the arrow
  • Nock – A slotted plastic tip on the rear end of the arrow

Hunter education course review and summary

The common types of arrowheads are bullet point, blunt point, field point, JUDO® point, fish point, and broadhead. The broadhead is the only arrowhead that may be used for big game hunting.


Hunter education course review and summary

The crossbow is another short-range hunting tool. It is a bow with a rifle-like stock that shoots bolts or short arrows. Safe use of a crossbow requires following the safety rules for both firearms and bows.


Hunter education course review and summary

The most common types of crossbows are compound and recurve. Crossbows are made up of the following parts: arrow retention spring, barrel, cocking stirrup, flight groove, latch, limbs, riser, safety, sight bridge, stock.


Hunter education course review and summary

Crossbows can be cocked manually or with a cocking device. Because crossbow draw weights have increased, hunters may need to use a cocking device to cock a crossbow. Cocking harnesses and hand cranks are examples of cocking devices. Never use a cocking device to uncock the crossbow unless the manufacturer specifically recommends it.


Hunter education course review and summary

Before hunting with a crossbow from an elevated stand, you should practice first. Be sure to follow proper safety techniques when practicing.