What You Learned
Wildlife includes all wild animals. Some of these are game animals you can hunt, and some are non-game animals are animals you cannot hunt.
Habitat for wildlife must include food, water, cover, and space in the proper arrangement.
Carrying capacity is the number of animals a given habitat can support all year long without damaging the animals or the habitat.
Wildlife managers use both conservation (which includes controlled hunting) and preservation as wildlife management tools.
Beneficial habitat management practices include creating brush piles, conducting controlled burning, diking, ditching, planting food plots, controlling brush or grass, controlling nuisance plants or animals, cutting timber, and creating water holdings. Eliminating predators is not an effective wildlife management tool.
Factors that reduce excess wildlife population include weather, human development, loss of habitat, old age, starvation and accidents, predators and hunting, and disease and parasites.
Controlled (legal) hunting, wildlife laws, and hunting seasons are effective wildlife management tools.
Funding for wildlife management in Washington comes from:
- Sale of hunting licenses and tags
- Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration Act (Pittman-Robertson Act)
- Washington State legislature
To provide good wildlife habitat, the Department of Fish and Wildlife:
- Increases the food supply in a habitat and adds water and cover.
- Buys land to create refuges for animals.
- Adopts rules and regulations to prevent habitat destruction.
Through treaties with the U.S. government, members of 24 Indian tribes in the state of Washington have the right to hunt, fish, and gather on lands that are not on their reservations. Because of the off-reservation hunting rights, both tribal and state-licensed hunters hunt game animals across the state. Recently, the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife has been working with various tribes to develop management plans for wildlife populations and to rebuild game populations.