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Shock slows down the heart, lungs, etc., and can cause death. Symptoms include pale, cold, clammy skin; rapid pulse; shallow breathing; and fear in the victim. Anybody who has been injured can suffer from shock.

The best treatment for shock is to keep the injured person comfortable, warm, and dry. Usually, you keep the victim lying on his or her back with feet elevated.

For a shock victim with a head injury, elevate the head and shoulders instead of the feet. Also elevate the head and shoulders if the victim has difficulty breathing.

Do not elevate both head and feet.

Elevate either head and shoulders or feet, but not both, for a victim in shock.