About the Study Guide

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A game warden

Game Conservation

To conserve wildlife for future generations to enjoy, wildlife management laws were passed. These laws allow game to flourish by:

  • Establishing hunting seasons that limit harvesting and avoid nesting and mating seasons.
  • Limiting hunting methods and equipment.
  • Setting “bag” limits on the number of animals that can be taken.
  • Establishing check stations and game tag requirements to enforce the laws.

Safety, Opportunity, and Funding

In addition to ensuring the availability of game for future generations, hunting laws:

  • Establish safety guidelines for hunting that protect both hunters and non-hunters.
  • Offer equal opportunity for all hunters, whether they use modern firearms, muzzleloaders, or bows.
  • Ensure adequate funding for wildlife programs by collecting license fees.

Fair Chase

Fair chase rules make sure hunters have no unfair advantage over wild game by balancing the skills and equipment of the hunter with the abilities of the animal to escape. The rules of fair chase are defined by law, regional preferences, and personal choice.

  • Fair chase emphasizes self-restraint and skills development.
    • Fair chase is primarily defined by individuals and their level of hunting ability.
    • Expert hunters may use more restrictive and less effective techniques than novice hunters.
  • Fair chase rules include banning the use of vehicles, airplanes, and radios; electronic calling; or shooting in a fenced enclosure. Many states have made these rules into law.