About the Study Guide

You are looking at the Oklahoma Hunter’s Ed Study Guide. At the present time, you cannot obtain hunter education certification from Hunter Ed. However, you can use this Study Guide as a resource to learn more about hunter safety.

Checking a firearm for a hang fire

Hang fires happen when the firing pin has struck the primer and there is a delay before the gun fires. This can occur for several reasons, such as a faulty firing pin or spring, defective primer, or other cartridge-related problems. A misfire is when the primer fails to ignite the powder. Hang fires and misfires can happen with any kind of firearm.

To handle a hang fire or misfire:

  • Maintain safe muzzle control at all times.
  • Keep the action closed and the muzzle pointed at a safe backstop.
  • Wait to see if the firearm fires. With a rifle, handgun, or shotgun, wait 15 seconds. With a muzzleloader, wait 60 seconds.
  • If the firearm still has not fired, remove the cartridge or shotshell from the chamber.