Introduction to Firearm Safety
Whenever firearms are being handled, an incident can occur if the firearm is not handled responsibly. Preventing hunting incidents depends on knowing and understanding firearms, and handling them skillfully and safely. Responsible hunters practice safe habits until they become second nature.
The Four Primary Rules of Firearm Safety
- Point the muzzle in a safe direction.
- Treat every firearm with the respect due a loaded gun.
- Be sure of the target and what is in front of it and beyond it.
- Keep your finger outside the trigger guard until ready to shoot.
Important! A CHUM SPORT will be on the written certification exam.
A CHUM SPORT(word association for the Ten Commandments used in the North Dakota Hunter Education program)
- Avoid the use of alcohol or other mood altering drugs before or while shooting.
- Never climb a fence or tree, or jump a ditch or log, with a loaded firearm.
- Never shoot a bullet in a flat, hard surface or water.
- Unload firearms when not in use.
- Control the direction of your firearm’s muzzle.
- Store firearms and ammunition separately.
- Never point a firearm at anything you do not want to shoot.
- Be sure the barrel and action are clear of obstructions and that you have only the ammunition of proper size for the firearm you are carrying.
- Treat every firearm with the same respect due a loaded firearm.
- Identify your target and what is beyond it.