About the Study Guide

You are looking at a preview of what’s in the Arizona Hunter Ed Course. Feel free to look around, but you’ll need to register to begin progress toward getting your Hunter Education Certificate.

Learn More Register for the Course


  • Most doctors agree that the best response to a snakebite is to rush the victim to a hospital emergency room.
    • Do not try to remove poison from snakebites. Cutting and suctioning the bite can do more harm than good.
    • If possible, carry the victim. Do not allow the victim to walk or run because this can increase blood flow and the distribution of venom.
  • Fear and panic aggravate snakebite reactions. Calm the victim as much as possible. Keep the victim in a reclining position to slow the spread of venom. If the bite is on a limb, keep the wound at or below the level of the heart.

Bees, Wasps, and Fire Ants

  • Keep the affected area below the heart.
  • Remove the stinger from the skin in less than five seconds by gently scraping against it with your fingernail, a credit card, or a knife.
  • Apply cold compresses to relieve pain and swelling.
  • If it is difficult for the victim to breath, call 9-1-1.


  • A scorpion's painful sting can produce:
    • Nausea and vomiting
    • Abdominal pain
    • Shock
  • A cold compress will ease some of the pain. Seek medical care in the event of a severe reaction.
  • You can reduce the risk of being bitten if you shake out footwear and bedding before use.


  • Most spiders are harmless. Two species that present a serious problem are the black widow and the brown recluse.
    • The black widow has a shiny, fat, roundish abdomen with a red or orange hourglass marking on the underside.
    • The brown recluse ranges in color from dark brown to tan and has a fiddle-shaped mark from the eyes to the abdomen.
  • A bite from one of these spiders is rarely fatal, but the effect can be painful. Disinfect the wound with rubbing alcohol, apply a cold compress, and get to a doctor as soon as possible.

Gila Monsters

  • Gila monsters are brightly colored, slow-moving lizards that are capable of defending themselves with a venomous bite.
  • The Gila monster's teeth and venom cause considerable pain. They do not inject venom like snakes. Instead, they latch on and chew while releasing a mild venom through the grooves in their teeth.
  • If a bite occurs:
    • Remain calm.
    • Remove the Gila monster quickly by placing a stick between the bite and the back of the lizard's mouth and pushing against the rear of the jaw.
    • Flush the wound with plenty of fresh water and allow to bleed.
    • If bleeding profusely, apply a compress to the wound.
    • Do not apply ice or a tourniquet.
    • Obtain medical assistance.
Gila Monster