Both Alaska state law and federal law give priority to subsistence hunters, who hunt for survival.
If a wildlife population is too small to allow hunting by all Alaskans, subsistence hunters have Tier I and Tier II permits that allow them hunting privileges based on their dependence and customary use of wildlife resources.
Most subsistence communities and Native villages and tribes have a tradition that they believe, if followed, will preserve the land so it continues to provide food for the community.
These subsistence hunters observe and pass down a set of rules intended to protect the land and ecosystem. The rules include:
- Do not waste.
- Take only what is needed.
- Treat animals with respect.
- Do not damage the land without cause.