About the Study Guide

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Wildlife management must be financially supported for a number of reasons.

  • To understand the food and shelter needs of each species
  • To count animals, study the populations of each game species, and manage hunters

Without the activities of wildlife management, hunting seasons would have to be closed, or populations of game animals could easily become overhunted.

In the early 1900s, there were few professional wildlife managers and little money to effectively manage wildlife and hunters. Many hunters of that day understood the importance of wildlife management and proposed to Congress a tax on all firearms and ammunition sold to hunters and shooters. As unusual as it is for a group of people to ask to be taxed, hunters did so because they knew that the protection of habitat was necessary to the future of hunting.

A federal tax on firearms and ammunition began in 1937 as a result of the Pittman–Robertson Act. Each purchase of firearms, ammunition, archery equipment, or reloading supplies for practice or hunting contributes to wildlife management.

Each state supports wildlife and habitat management. Most of Alaska’s share comes from the sale of hunting and trapping licenses.

In Alaska, hunters age 16 through 59 must purchase a license before they can hunt. Resident hunters who are younger are not required to have a license, and older resident hunters may apply for a free permanent hunting license.

When you as a hunter purchase hunting licenses and hunting equipment or supplies, you contribute to wildlife management.

Funds from state and federal duck stamps contribute to habitat management programs for waterfowl.