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The legal methods you may use while hunting depend on the game species and are designed to ensure that your hunting equipment can deliver a clean kill.

When hunting bighorn sheep, black bear, elk, grizzly bear, moose, or mountain goat, the legal firearms are:

  • Centerfire rifle that is at least .24 caliber and fires a cartridge that uses lead or an expanding point bullet where the cartridge is:
    • At least 2" in overall length or…
    • At least .35 caliber and at least 1½" in overall length or…
    • Capable of delivering at least 500 foot-pounds of impact at 100 yards
  • Muzzleloading rifle or handgun that is at least .40 caliber and fires a cartridge that uses lead or an expanding point bullet where the charge is at least 50 grains of black powder or its equivalent
  • Shotgun that fires 00 or larger buckshot or a slug

When hunting antelope, deer, gray wolf where it has been designated as a trophy game animal, or mountain lion, the legal firearms are:

  • Centerfire rifle that is at least .22 caliber, has a bullet weight of at least 60 grains, and fires a cartridge that uses lead or an expanding point bullet where the cartridge is:
    • At least 2" in overall length or…
    • At least .35 caliber and at least 1½" in overall length or…
    • Capable of delivering at least 500 foot-pounds of impact at 100 yards
  • Muzzleloading rifle or handgun that is at least .40 caliber and fires a cartridge that uses lead or an expanding point bullet where the charge is at least 50 grains of black powder or its equivalent
  • Shotgun that fires 00 or larger buckshot or a slug