What You Learned
To bring home the game you are seeking while inflicting the minimal amount of suffering on the quarry, you should learn how to place a shot for a clean kill. To select the best shot placement, you need to know how bullets, shot pellets, and broadhead-point arrows kill game.
The most effective shots are delivered to an animal's vital organs—heart and lungs.
- Aim for the lungs when hunting big game.
- Do not aim for the brain unless you are hunting turkey with a shotgun.
- Be patient and wait for the best possible shot.
The different shot angles are head-on, quartering-away, broadside, quartering-toward, and rear-end. Know which angle offers the best chance for a clean kill for different game with firearms and bows and arrows. Also know which shots should not be taken.
It is your ethical responsibility to stop hunting and search for any wounded animal.
- Wait for at least 30 minutes after your shot.
- For bowhunters, locate and examine your arrow when the animal leaves.
- Follow signs such as blood or tracks.
- If you lose a trail, try again.
- Mark the trail with fluorescent orange flagging.
The best way to approach a downed deer or other large animal is from above and behind the head. Make sure that it is dead, and then tag it immediately.
Three factors contribute to spoiled meat—heat, dirt, and moisture.
- It is usually best to field dress the animal immediately. A sharp, sturdy knife, such as a butcher's skinning knife, works well.
- To protect the meat and avoid offending others, do not tie the animal to the hood or roof of a car when you are transporting it.
A game care kit includes a hatchet, small saw, knife and sharpener, game bags, nylon rope and pulley, license tag, plastic gloves, and many other items.