What You Learned
Big game, small game, upland bird, waterfowl, and turkey hunting are available in many areas of Washington.
Big game hunting is the most popular type of hunting in the state. Species that can be hunted are:
- Mule deer, black-tailed deer, and white-tailed deer
- Roosevelt elk and Rocky Mountain elk
- Black bear
Small game species that can be hunted include the bobcat, raccoon, rabbit and hare, fox, and coyote.
Upland birds that can be hunted include the pheasant, quail, chukar, and gray partridge. Regulations for upland bird hunting differ for western Washington and eastern Washington.
Waterfowl that can be hunted included the mourning dove, goose, and duck.
Turkey hunting requires both a hunting license and a separate tag. Some areas also require a permit.
Animals that are labeled "rare," "threatened," or "endangered" are fully protected by law.
- Due to their small numbers, big game animals that cannot be hunted in Washington include the grizzly bear, caribou, and pronghorn antelope.
- Protected species also cannot be hunted; this includes the robin, blue jay, hawk, etc.
To be a responsible hunter, you should learn to identify wildlife correctly. Mistakes can lead to illegal harvest of game or non-game animals.
Wild animals are generally divided into five groups:
- Large mammals
- Small mammals
- Upland birds
- Birds of prey