About the Study Guide

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These rules and regulations apply to all hunters using shotguns.

Hunter holding a shotgun and calling game in the marsh
  • All shotguns must have a minimum barrel length of 18 inches.
  • Individuals wishing to buy a shotgun from a licensed firearms dealer must be at least 18 years of age.
  • Minors under 18 years of age may possess a firearm if they are in attendance at a hunter safety course, are hunting or trapping under a valid license, or meet one of the other exceptions provided by law.
  • Shotguns used for upland bird and waterfowl hunting must not be capable of holding more than three shotshells.
  • Shotguns used for deer or bear must be 10 gauge, 12 gauge, 16 gauge, or 20 gauge and shoot slugs or #1 or larger buckshot.
  • 10-gauge and 12-gauge shotguns using slugs may be used to hunt elk, goats, sheep, or moose.
  • Shotguns used for waterfowl hunting must use approved non-toxic shot ammunition.