The firing sequence for handguns and shotguns is very similar to this sequence shown for a bolt-action rifle.
Continue to see a more detailed cross-section diagram as well as step-by-step explanation of the firing sequence.
The bolt moves forward, compressing the firing pin spring and inserting a cartridge into the chamber.
The firing pin is held back under spring tension.
When the trigger is pulled, the firing pin moves forward, crushing and igniting the primer in the cartridge base.
The primer ignites the gunpowder, generating gas pressure, which forces the bullet forward and out of the barrel.