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Cross-Bolt Safety

  • Common on pump and semi-automatic firearms
  • A simple, push-button action that blocks the trigger or hammer
  • Usually located at the trigger guard or ahead of the hammer
Cross Bolt Hammer Safety
Cross Bolt Trigger Safety

Pivot Safety

  • Common on handguns and bolt-action rifles
  • A pivoting lever or tab that blocks the trigger or firing pin
  • Located on the frame (blocks trigger) or on the bolt or slide (blocks firing pin)
Pivot Bolt Safety
Pivot Slide Safety

Slide or Tang Safety

  • Common on some rifles and break-action shotguns
  • A sliding bar or button that blocks the firing action
  • Located on the tang (a metal strip behind the receiver) of break-action firearms or on the side of the receiver on some rifles
Slide Safety

Half-Cock or Hammer Safety

  • Common on firearms with exposed hammers
  • Positions the trigger at half-cock, away from the firing pin
  • Engaged by placing the trigger at half-cock; some firearms automatically rebound to the half-cock position after the trigger is released
  • While not a true safety, it sometimes is described as a mechanical safety device by firearm manufacturers