About the Study Guide

You are looking at a preview of what’s in the timed Virginia Hunter-Ed Course. Feel free to look around, but you’ll need to register to begin progress toward getting your Hunter Education Certificate.

Learn More Register for the Course

Legal hunting equipment depends on the game species, the type of firearm or archery tackle, and the location.

  • When hunting with a shotgun, these are the restrictions.
    • The maximum shotgun size is 10 gauge.
    • Shotgun barrels must not be shorter than 18 inches.
    • During spring turkey season, you may not hunt with any shot size larger than #2 fine shot.
    • When hunting migratory birds, your shotgun must not be capable of holding more than three shells.
  • When hunting deer or bear with a rifle, the rifle must be .23 caliber or larger.
  • Crossbows and archery equipment may be used during all hunting seasons.
  • Some counties may have local ordinances that restrict the use of firearms. For specific information, see the Hunting & Trapping Regulations information on the VDGIF website.