- The Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration Act, popularly known as the Pittman-Robertson Act, was approved by Congress in 1937. The Act funds the selection, restoration, and improvement of wildlife habitat, and wildlife management research. The Act was amended in 1970 to fund hunter education programs and to develop and operate public target ranges.
- Funding comes from an 11% federal excise tax on sporting arms, ammunition, and archery equipment, and a 10% handgun tax. Half of the tax on handguns and archery equipment is used for hunter education and target ranges. This is collected from the manufacturers and distributed each year to the states and territorial areas by the Department of the Interior.
- Each state’s proportion of the federal funds is based on the area of the state and the number of licensed hunters in the state. The state covers the full amount of an approved project and then applies for reimbursement through federal aid for up to 75% of the project’s expenses; the state is responsible for the other 25% of the project’s cost.