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  • The limited range of the muzzleloader requires you to be as close to the game as possible. Most shots should be taken within 50 to 75 yards.
    • Limit shots to within your personal effective range. If your marksmanship needs improvement, practice in various shooting positions until you are confident in your shot placement.
    • Get as near to the animal as possible, but avoid trying to get too close. Animals will detect your presence and run, or they will change position and offer a poor target.
  • If an animal is aware of your presence, wait until you have a clear shot. The animal’s sudden movement can result in a poor hit or complete miss. The best shots are taken at unsuspecting animals.
  • Before taking a shot, look along the intended flight path of the projectile to see whether there are any limbs, branches, or other obstructions in the way. These can deflect a projectile.
  • The best shots on deer and similarly sized game animals are “quartering-away” shots, which offer the quickest path to the vital organs. On larger game, broadside shots are better. Head and neck shots should be avoided.