Official Montana Hunting Safety Course Link to Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks

Hello, hunter! Montana's online hunting course has moved. Click here to go to the latest version of the Today's Hunter in Montana course—the official hunting safety course of Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks.

The following course material is for reference only. Please go to the new course to complete your Montana certification.

The Ten Commandments of Firearm Safety

Hunters carrying firearms

1. Always point the muzzle of your gun in a safe direction.

Keep it pointed in a safe direction at all times.

Hunters unloading firearms

2. Always treat every gun as if it were loaded.

It might be, even if you think it isn’t.

Hunter aiming at target

3. Always be sure of your target and beyond.

Know the identifying features of the game you hunt. Make sure you have an adequate backstop—don’t shoot at a flat, hard surface or water.

Hunters with fingers outside trigger guards

4. Always keep your finger off the trigger until ready to fire.

This is the best way to prevent an accidental discharge.

Removing obstruction from firearm

5. Check your barrel and ammunition.

Make sure the barrel and action are clear of obstructions, and carry only the proper ammunition for your firearm.

Casing gun for safe transport

6. Unload firearms when not in use.

Leave actions open, and carry firearms in cases and unloaded to and from the shooting area.

Safe firearm carry

7. Point a firearm only at something you intend to shoot.

Avoid all horseplay with a gun.

Two hunters safely crossing fence

8. Don’t run, jump, or climb with a loaded firearm.

Unload a firearm before you climb a fence or tree, or jump a ditch. Pull a firearm toward you by the butt, not the muzzle.

Firearm safe for storage

9. Store firearms and ammunition separately and safely.

Store each in secured locations beyond the reach of children and careless adults.

Never drink and shoot!

10. Avoid alcoholic beverages before and during shooting.

Also, avoid mind- or behavior-altering medicines or drugs.

Montana Fish, Wildlife,
& Parks
White-tailed deer tracks
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Official hunting safety course for Montana hunters last modified: November 16, 2011
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