Official Montana Hunting Safety Course Link to Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks

Hello, hunter! Montana's online hunting course has moved. Click here to go to the latest version of the Today's Hunter in Montana course—the official hunting safety course of Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks.

The following course material is for reference only. Please go to the new course to complete your Montana certification.

Elevated Stand Types

Commercial stands that are manufactured, certified, and tested to Treestand Manufacturer’s Association (TMA) standards are best. Homemade stands should not be used. The basic types of stands are described here.

Hang-On Stands

These simple stands must be hauled into place and secured to the tree with belts or chains. They require separate climbing aids such as segmented ladders or climbing sticks. Attach the climbing aid to the tree so that you can step down onto the center of the platform.

Hang-on stand
Hang-on stand

Ladder Stands

These stands provide a platform 10 to 20 feet above the ground and have a built-in ladder. Three to five people are needed to erect or take down a ladder stand safely. When setting up the stand, make sure the ground is level. Then lean the stand against the tree and chain or strap it into place.

Climbing Stands

These stands are designed for trees with straight trunks and consist of two sections. A hunter “walks” the stand up a tree by moving the top section with the hands and the bottom section with the feet. Always keep the two sections of the stand connected with a tether. While on the ground, adjust the stand to allow for the tapering of the tree that occurs as you go up.

Climbing stand
Climbing stand

Tripods, Quadpods, or Tower Stands (Free-Standing)

These stands are similar to a ladder tree stand but are free-standing. Some resemble one or two chairs atop stilts. Some designs are enclosed, box-like platforms.

Montana Fish, Wildlife,
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White-tailed deer tracks
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Official hunting safety course for Montana hunters last modified: November 16, 2011
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