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Official Montana Hunting Safety Course Link to Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks

Hello, hunter! Montana's online hunting course has moved. Click here to go to the latest version of the Today's Hunter in Montana course—the official hunting safety course of Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks.

The following course material is for reference only. Please go to the new course to complete your Montana certification.

Heat Exhaustion

Heat exhaustion is the opposite of hypothermia—the core body temperature increases, usually as a result of hot and humid conditions, plus a lack of water.

Heat Index Chart

Prevention of Heat Exhaustion

  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Take frequent breaks if you’re hiking to or from your hunting spot, especially when carrying a large load.
  • Dress in layers, and shed layers as physical activity increases.

Symptoms of Heat Exhaustion

  • Pale and clammy skin
  • Weakness
  • Nausea
  • Headache
  • Muscle cramps

Treatment of Heat Exhaustion

  • Move to a cooler place and drink water.
  • Fan to lower body temperature, but don't over-chill.

Heat Stroke

Heat stroke should be treated as a medical emergency—it can be fatal.

Symptoms of Heat Stroke

  • Dry, hot, and flushed skin—dark or purple in color
  • Dilated pupils
  • Rapid, weak pulse
  • Shallow breathing
  • High temperature—may be in excess of 106° Fahrenheit

Treatment of Heat Stroke

  • Wrap in a sheet and soak with cool—not cold—water.
  • Fan, but don't over-chill.
  • Get to a hospital immediately.
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Official hunting safety course for Montana hunters last modified: November 16, 2011
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