Even when we are careful, an injury can occur while hunting. You should know what to do, and what not to do, in a medical emergency. Improper care can worsen the victim’s condition.
First aid is the immediate and temporary treatment of injuries until a victim can receive proper medical attention. Everyone, especially hunters, should take a first aid course. The American Red Cross and other community service organizations teach first aid classes regularly.
Mild bleeding or fractures are usually not life threatening. However, a person who is unconscious, who is not breathing, or who has no heartbeat is at great risk of dying.
Proper first aid training requires several hours of expert instruction. All hunters should complete a Red Cross first aid course that includes instruction for rescue breathing and other possible outdoor emergency needs.
Learn how to properly perform CPR (cardio-pulmonary resuscitation). CPR is a combination of chest compressions and rescue breathing. A heart attack, or an injury that causes the heartbeat or breathing to stop, will require CPR. You can learn how to do CPR at your local Red Cross or other community service organization.
Anytime first aid or CPR is needed you need to remember these
three basic steps called the 3Cs:
CHECK, CALL, & CARE
• CHECK the area to be sure it is safe for you to attend to the victim. DO NOT become a second victim! If it is safe, CHECK the victim to find out what happened and determine his or her condition.
• If possible, CALL for help. If you have a cell phone, use it. If you think there might be others within earshot, call out.
• After you have gotten help, you should CARE for the victim, using the skills you learned in a first aid/CPR class and the supplies you have in your first aid kit.