Wildlife Management Practices
Monitoring wildlife populations: Wildlife managers continuously
monitor the birth rate and death rate of
various species and the condition of their habitat. This provides the data
needed to set hunting regulations and determine if other wildlife management
practices are needed to conserve wildlife species.
Habitat improvement: As succession occurs,
the change in habitat affects the type and number of wildlife the habitat can
support. Wildlife managers may cut down or burn forested areas to promote new
growth and slow down the process of succession. This practice enables them
to increase the production of certain wildlife species.
Hunting regulations: Hunting regulations protect habitat
and preserve animal populations. Regulations include setting daily and seasonal
time limits, bag limits, and legal methods for taking wildlife.
Hunting: Hunting is an effective wildlife management tool.
Hunting practices help managers keep animal populations in balance with habitat.
Predator control: In rare instances, overpopulated predators must be reduced to enable some wildlife populations to establish stable populations, particularly threatened or endangered species.
Artificial stocking: Restocking of game animals has been
successful in many parts of the nation. Trapping animals in areas where they
are abundant and releasing them in other areas of suitable habitat is an example
Controlling or preventing disease and its spread: Disease
can have a devastating effect on wildlife. Avian cholera, for example, poses
a serious threat, especially to ducks and geese on crowded wintering grounds.
Once avian cholera occurs, managers must work to prevent its spread by gathering
and burning waterfowl carcasses daily.
Management funds/programs: In addition to Pittman-Robertson funds, many states have initiated programs that help finance conservation efforts.