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Official Montana Hunting Safety Course Link to Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks

Hello, hunter! Montana's online hunting course has moved. Click here to go to the latest version of the Today's Hunter in Montana course—the official hunting safety course of Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks.

The following course material is for reference only. Please go to the new course to complete your Montana certification.

Carrying Capacity

The resources in any given habitat can support only a certain quantity of wildlife. As seasons change, food, water, or cover may be in short supply. Carrying capacity is the number of animals the habitat can support all year long. The carrying capacity of a certain tract of land can vary from year to year. It can be changed by nature or humans.

carrying capacity graphic

carrying capacity: The number of animals the habitat can support throughout the year without damage to the animals or to the habitat

Factors that limit the potential production of wildlife include:

  • Disease/parasites
  • Starvation
  • Predators
  • Pollution
  • Accidents
  • Old age
  • Hunting

If the conditions are balanced, game animals will produce a surplus, which can be harvested on an annual, sustainable basis.

Animal populations graphic

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Montana Fish, Wildlife,
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White-tailed deer tracks
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Montana Hunting
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Official hunting safety course for Montana hunters last modified: November 16, 2011
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