What You Learned (cont.)
It is critical that you match the proper ammunition to your firearm correctly. Using the wrong ammunition can cause an explosion, resulting in serious personal injury or gun damage. Read the specific caliber or gauge designations typically found on the side of the firearm’s barrel, and match that designation exactly.
The basic parts of ammunition are the case/hull, primer, gunpowder, and projectile. Shotshells also have a wad. Rifles and handguns primarily use a cartridge that contains a bullet as the projectile. Shotguns use a shotshell that contains a single slug, shot, or pellets as the projectile(s).
The maximum projectile range tells you what distances your firearm’s projectile could travel and cause injury or damage to persons, animals, or objects. It also helps you determine if you can make an ethical, clean, quick kill.
Cleaning your firearms after every use keeps them in top condition. To clean a firearm, point the muzzle in a safe direction and make sure the gun is unloaded. Then follow the instructions in the owner’s manual and cleaning kit.
Store sporting firearms safely—unloaded, in a locked location, and separate from ammunition. Store them horizontally or with the muzzle pointing down. The storage area should be cool, clean, and dry.