What You Learned (cont.)
Carrying capacity is the number of animals a given habitat can support all year long without damaging the animals or the habitat.
Factors that can limit the potential production of wildlife include starvation, disease/parasites, accidents, weather, hunting, and predators/scavengers.
Hunters play an important role in wildlife conservation.
- Hunters help control wildlife populations at a healthy balance for the habitat.
- Hunters provide information that wildlife managers need.
- Funding from hunting permits has helped many game and non-game species recover from dwindling populations.
Wildlife managers use a variety of practices to manage a habitat and keep it in balance including:
- Monitoring wildlife populations
- Improving habitats when an area changes
- Allowing hunting to help balance animal populations in a habitat
- Setting hunting regulations
- Controlling predators
- Artificially stocking animals
- Controlling or preventing disease
Wildlife is generally divided into groups that are similar in some way, such as:
- Large mammals
- Small mammals
- Upland birds
- Waterfowl and wetland birds
- Birds of prey