The Four Primary Rules of Firearm Safety
Always control the muzzle of your firearm.
Keep it pointed in a safe direction at all times.
Keep your finger outside the trigger guard until ready to shoot.
This is the best way to prevent an accidental discharge.
Treat every firearm as if it were loaded, and keep it unloaded until ready to fire.
Know your target and what is in front of it and beyond it.
Know the identifying features of the game you hunt. Make sure you have an adequate backstop—don't shoot at a flat, hard surface or water.