First Aid—Broken Bones
You can assume someone has a broken bone if pain lasts more than a few minutes, moving the injured area is difficult, or there is swelling in the injured area.
If you have to transport the victim a long distance, it’s best to immobilize the joint above and below the break to prevent further injury and relieve pain. Don’t try to straighten the limb—splint it the way you found it.
For a broken foot, remove the shoe and tie a pillow or thick padding around the foot.
To splint a broken leg:
- Place a blanket or some other type of thick padding between the legs.
- Bind the injured leg to the uninjured one with strips of cloth.
- Bind the legs together snugly at several places above and below the painful area.
Moving an Injured Person
Moving a victim with a back or neck injury should be left to paramedics or other professionals since permanent damage could result from improper handling.
If a victim must be pulled to safety, move him or her lengthwise and headfirst, supporting the head and neck. Keep the spine in alignment.